Q: What is a cataract?

A: A cataract is a clouding of the eye’s natural lens as the proteins inside it age and start to clump together, obscuring a patient’s vision. The most common cause of cataracts is simply getting older – most people over 60 start to experience cataracts – but they can also be caused by injury or disease.


Q: How do I know if I have a cataract?

A: Symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Clouded or blurred vision;
  • The appearance of glare or halos;
  • Reduced night vision;
  • Double or multiple images.

Though the symptoms above are common for people with cataracts, some do not cause any symptoms until they are in their advanced stages. Because of this, Dr. Magnante recommends regular vision checkups.


Q: How are cataracts treated?

A: Cataracts in their early stages can be treated with corrective eyeglasses. More advanced cataracts can be treated with cataract surgery, in which the cataract is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. Cataract surgery is one of the safest and most commonly performed surgeries in the United States and most patients see a significant improvement in their vision as a result of the procedure.


Q: What are premium intraocular lenses?

A: Intraocular lenses (IOLs) are surgically implanted artificial lenses that replace your natural ones and can be used to correct a range of vision problems including cataracts, astigmatism and presbyopia.

Recent advancements have allowed the development of premium IOLs, which can allow patients to see at multiple focal points, reducing or eliminating the need for bifocals. Dr. Magnante offers many different types of premium IOLs –contact us today to find out which is the appropriate alternative for you.


Q: What is macular degeneration?

A: Macular degeneration is the degeneration of the cells in the back of the eye (the macula) needed for clear central vision. Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States and is usually age-related; though in some cases can be linked to hereditary factors.


Q: What is the difference between wet and dry macular degeneration?

A: Dry macular degeneration is the more common of the two types and results when fatty deposits appear on the macula.

Wet macular degeneration is caused by leakage into the retina from newly forming blood vessels in the surrounding tissue, resulting in damage to the macula.


Q: How is macular degeneration treated?

A: Dr. Magnante may recommend special vitamins to decrease your chance of losing vision from dry macular degeneration. There are also new treatments for wet macular degeneration that have reduced long term vision loss for many patients. Dr. Magnante can discuss different options with you and help you select the best course of treatment for you.


Q: What is glaucoma?

A: Glaucoma describes the group of various eye conditions (such as a buildup of pressure in the eye) that can damage the optic nerve and result in reduced vision or blindness.

Symptoms include reduced vision, often starting with the side or peripheral vision and working inwards.


Q: Who is at risk for glaucoma?

A: Anyone can be at risk for glaucoma, but particularly high-risk groups include:

  • People over 60 years of age;
  • African-Americans over 40 years of age;
  • People with a family history of glaucoma;
  • People with diabetes;
  • Anyone who has used oral or inhaled steroids for other medical conditions.


Q: How is glaucoma treated?

A: Early detection is an important factor in the treatment of glaucoma, which means that regular vision checkups are key to reducing the risk from the disease.

Once identified, glaucoma can be treated using eye drops or a surgical procedure called selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT). Dr. Magnante can discuss our numerous advanced options for detection and treatment of glaucoma to determine which course of action is best for you.


Q: What is diabetic retinopathy?

A: Diabetic retinopathy describes the effect that diabetes – a condition caused by the pancreas’ inability to regulate blood sugar – can have on your eyes. There are two main types of diabetic retinopathy:

Non-proliferative: In non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, blood leaks and dilated vessels in the eye can cause floaters, blurred or double-vision and even vision loss.

Proliferative: In proliferative diabetic retinopathy, a network of blood vessels actually grows over the retina, impairing the patient’s vision.

Treatment options for diabetic retinopathy include laser surgery, surgical blood removal and retinal repair, and panretinal photocoagulation, in which a laser is used to seal the retina and stop blood vessels from leaking.

Diabetic retinopathy is a serious medical condition that requires comprehensive, specialized treatment by a trained eye care professional. Dr. Magnante can discuss different options with you for keeping your eyes healthy and safe.